Revised children’s manifest anxiety scale (RCMAS)
|Name||Revised children’s manifest anxiety scale (RCMAS)|
|Purpose||RCMAS is used to measure the level and nature of anxiety in children and adolescents.|
|Population||6 to 19 years|
|Score||Scores are provided for Total Anxiety and four sub-scales: Worry/Oversensitivity, Physiological Anxiety, Social Concerns/Concentration, Lie Scale.|
|Author||Cecil R. Reynolds and Bert O. Richmond|
|Publisher||Western Psychological Services|
RCMAS is a 37-item self-report inventory used to measure anxiety in children. The RCMAS consists of 28 Anxiety items and 9 Lie (social desirability) items. Each item is purported to embody a feeling or action that reflects an aspect of anxiety, hence the subtitle, “What I think and Feel”. It is a relatively brief instrument, which has been subjected to extensive study to ensure that it is psychometrically sound.
The Total Anxiety score and the Anxiety subscale scores are determined by the number of “yes” responses to the anxiety items. The Lie Score is determined by “yes” responses to the Lie subscale items and is used to determine if the child was making a valid attempt to respond. The Total Anxiety Score is expressed as a T score (M=50, sd=10) and the subscales are expressed as scale scores (M=10, sd = 3). Percentile ranks are provided for each of the RCMAS scores. Norms are provided at 1-year intervals and for each ethnic-sex combination for blacks and whites. The Lie Scale is a positive feature of the instrument and is designed to detect acquiescence, social desirability, or faking of responses.
|Reliability and Validity||
§ Reynolds, Bradley and Steele (1980) administered the RCMAS to 97 kindergarten children and demonstrated reliability with coefficient alpha (a = .79 with males, a =.85 with females, and a =.82 for the total sample.
§ With retesting after a substantial longer period, nine months, Reynolds (1981) found a .68 correlation between RCMAS Anxiety Scale scores and a .58 correlation with the Lie Scale scores, for 534 children in Grades 4 to 682 for the total sample).
§ The manual reports higher correlations between the RCMAS Total Anxiety score and a measure of trait anxiety (r=.67) than between Total Anxiety and a measure of state anxiety (r=.10) despite the questions about its measure of trait anxiety raised by the low test-retest stability coefficients.
|Norms||Age-stratified norms based on a nationally representative sample of more than 2,300 children and teens|
|Suggested Uses||It can be used for clinical purposes (diagnosis and treatment evaluation), educational settings, and for research purposes|
|Prepared by||Namra Sarwar|