Prejudice & Discrimination: Crash Course Psychology #39

Prejudice & Discrimination: Crash Course Psychology #39

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In this episode of Crash Course Psychology, Hank tackles some difficult topics dealing with prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination.
There’s a lot here, so let’s get started.

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Table of Contents:

Prejudice, Stereotyping, & Discrimination 00:00
Prejudice Can Often Be Non-Conscious 02:03
Implicit Association Test or AIT 04:23
Ingroup-Outgroup Phenomenon 07:08
In-Group Bias 07:48

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November 17, 2014 / 40 Comments / by / in
  • You should be cautious when bringing up the Implicit Association Test. While widely popularized in the media, the scientific discussion on the validity and reliability of the test as well as what it 'actually' really measures, is anything but settled. Worse, it is not even fully clear to which extent there is a causal link between an implicit bias and a person's behaviour… Link to a post on Psychology Today (

  • Unconscious bias is BS

  • Men are not just better than women at science but at most things… and that's a FACT

  • This to those people that think they are Senate…
    "He had focused more on the general nature of knowledge than any social consequence of enlightenment." (On Descartes from the book The Dream of Enlightenment The Rise of Modern Philosophy by Anthony Gottlieb Ch. 1 Pg. 26)
    Today at 2:30 PM at the Downtown Public Library I experienced 2017 Winter/Spring Concert Series: San Diego Master Chorale performed in the Neil Morgan Auditorium. I thought the performance was patriotic due to its choices of music performed such as the Star Spangled Banner and The Battle Hymn of the Republic. I also forgot to mention, on Friday 5/26/17 I went to a conversation at the Downtown Public Library called The Inklings Writers' Group. I introduced myself as a homeless homosexual who uses social media to reflect and mentioned what books I recently read which were two biographies on Giacomo Casanova and Frederick the Great King of Prussia
    "As a student of Agrippina Vaganova, Ulanova was the product of a pedagogical method that emphasized epaulement and thus the simultaneous coordination and harmonization of the head, torso, feet, and hands. The goal of this coordination was to align not only the parts of the body but also to connect the body to the mind and heart; such perfect coordination was meant to open a line of communication with the audience." (Bolshoi Confidential: Secrets of the Russian Ballet from the Rule of the Tsars to Today by Simon Morrison Ch 6 Pg 299-300)
    I don't know why I have to feel like it is a tall order for some people to accept that I was once a trained dancer having a biological mother (RIP) as a credentialed dance teacher from Grossmont Community College and San Diego State University as well as having the opportunity to train at elite dance schools in Southern CA, San Francisco, Philadelphia, and New York. I don't know why I have to feel like it is a hard thing to accept that I was once tone deaf and learned rhythm in the dance schools I trained at. I don't know why it seems like it is a hard thing to accept from some people that I can still tumble at age 34.
    "As the great medical writer Galen (9c. 129- c.200) put it: '[doctors] who rely on experience alone are…called empiricists…those who rely on reason are called rationalists.' " (The Dream of Enlightenment The Rise of Modern Philosophy by Anthony Gottlieb Ch. 1 Pg. 33)
    I don't know why I have to feel like I am not emotionally aware of who I am because I only have 42% of my bachelor's finished from studying the liberal arts (including MATH!!!) on campus at University of Phoenix. I don't know why I have to feel like I never learned what a human is because of the imagination with sex, drugs, and rock and roll.
    "Most people try to live by self-propulsion. Each person is like an actor who wants to run the whole show; is forever trying to arrange the lights, the ballet, the scenery and the rest of the players in his own way. If his arrangements would only stay put, if only people would do as he wished, the show would be great." (Alcoholics Anonymous Ch 5 Pages 60-61)
    I don't know why I have to feel emotionally uncoordinated because I am a homosexual who once practiced gay phone sex and gay sex acts online as a homosexual who was once a professional dancer. I don't know why I have to be limited because of the imagination of what other perceive a trained dancer is. I don't know why I have to be a lame label because of stereotypes with homosexuality. I don't love women enough to love the men they are attracted to and/or to want to follow gay pride. I don't know why everyday has to feel like it is the first day of homelessness. I don't know why everyday has to feel like it is the first day of sobriety.
    "This A.A. found that the process of discovering who he really was began with knowing who he didn't want to be. (Alcoholics Anonymous Pg 452)
    I hope my disability case gets approved.

  • Discrimination?
    This cream in nation!

  • I think that the in-group / out-group ideas have produced many conflicts and discriminations between groups of people. As the video states, sometimes the divisions may be meaningless but somehow deeper into the situation, destinations are made based on biases and ideas of superiority. This was very well explained

  • I found the implicit association test fascinating. Its hard to believe that even if a  person does not consider themselves prejudice or discriminatory that a reaction test could show that subconsciously there are those ingrained bias tendencies.

  • I feel as if judging someone is just a natural thing americans do. We judge good and bad. It is in our nature. Everyone has a stereotype, like he said it can be good or bad. Stereotyping is what helps you fit in with the right group or job. I feel stereotyping an judging are similar but not the same. Stereotyping to me is classifying people based on their outward appearance and actions, and judging is just like classifying someone based on how you feel about them. You can have a negative judgement on someone just because you don't like them but with stereotyping you can still put them in their "group" not matter if you like them or not because it is just how that person is.

  • This was A LOT of information to cover in a short amount of time & honestly my brain didn't comprehend all of it. From what I gathered prejudice is just another term for prejudging, which is common & most of the time we aren't even conscious of it. Gender, Ethnic back-ground, Culture, & Socioeconomic-status are all areas that prejudice stems from. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) I found interesting and before this video, knew nothing about. I like the fact that it measures attitudes/beliefs that people may be unwilling to report.

  • Even though this is first time hearing about the In group and the Out group phenomenon, I have definitely seen and experienced it. Especially while growing up and going to school. People who dressed really nice and were active in school seemed to the in group. While the people who didn't dress as nice and was not really active in school were considered in this case to be the "Out group". IM not saying everyone was put in a certain category , it just seem as though they were.

  • “Do not Judge Me!” Something that I have heard a lot of especially in this time period. People will always judge and have pre-misconceptions about who you are and what you stand for. I liked the statement made that the roots of prejudice, racism, and sexism is one of the most uncomfortable things to explore and yet the hardest to understand. How true is that? It is always something society tip toes around while it shapes our society. If people had a better understanding of others cultures, traditions, or “norms” than some people may have an easier time to be open minded and understand things that are different and easily discriminated towards. The nature of people is to want to justify the reason they think or believe certain things. Although we live in a world where prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination is easily taught, I hope that in the future we can educate ourselves into being less negative implicit bias.

  • I think this is very important in todays society. Many women have to take on the job of a man, but due to the stereotype that women can't due what a man can, many men won't go to a woman in the body shop. I think it is important to realize when you are being stereotypical and try to think above it. Just because society says it doesn't necessarily mean true.

  • This is extremely crazy. Police need to be more cautious when they are preparing to shoot someone. Stereotypes are real when it comes to people when the police are ready to arrest or shoot someone. Statistics show that discrimination and stereotypes are prominent when people end up shot or dead by the police. This is a tragic epidemic and should be really taken seriously.

  • I feel that a lot of people stereotype threat without realizing that they are. Prejudice has been a problem for a long time.

  • Something that's always been crazy to me is that so many people discriminate for no reason. I understand that it's one thing to be brought up a certain way, but to refuse to educate yourself on the true facts behind the stereotypes is another. If people just thought about how their behavior would affect someone else's life there would be a lot less conflict in the world.

  • Wasn't the IAT test been grossly debunked by even one of the authors?

  • Is this Zootopia?

  • Was this guy an auctioneer in a previous life? The stream of babble blurs into virtually unintelligible cacophony.

  • This gentleman speaks far too quickly

  • "do you think that men are better at science than men?" lol

  • Did you ever think of the possibility of why the officers were there? According to your story it was four officers on patrol. Now why were they on patrol in that neighborhood. Maybe, that neighborhood had a high crime rate was the reason for the patrol. In this case, they were on the look out for a rapist who the Amadou just happened to fit the description of. Also, Amadou was an illegal immigrant, so when the officers approached him he ran up to the doorstep. He obvious wasn't too happy to see the police. This behavior coupled with the fact he matched a description given to the police of a known suspect lead to the police acting more aggressively than normal. The police asked him to raise his hands instead he reached for his wallet. The light by his doorway was out so the wallet looked like a gun. Also, more bad luck one of the officers slipped and fell back believing he had been shot. This lead to the overreaction to the believed gun and thus Amadou was shot many times.
    So the bias had nothing to do with race but everything to do with circumstances.
    If you want to talk about biases talk about how if a white cop shoots a black man the first conclusion people make is that the cop was racist.

  • Not enough meshing with other psychology disciplines .

  • There is so much post-modernists and NeoMarxist philosophy in social psychology ….

  • Honestly, I find it very hard to judge someone's capabilities or trustworthiness based on looks or gender. It's practically impossible for me to judge someone without knowing their personality first. I'm not quite sure why I find it so hard to perform such judgements. Perhaps I am simply too young being only 13 years of age, although my acquaintances of the same age seem to continuously spread rumours which I believe are a result of judgement and/or prejudice, if that makes sense.

  • I see discrimination everyday and I wonder if it will ever get better. Weather it is against a certain race, religion, or sex. I think that people should take the blinders off and see everyone as a person and that is it.

  • I doubt that any of these views are implicit. I believe people generally try to avoid conflict. Expressing one's true beliefs might bring about conflict, unless he or she is a member of a strong group. This is why people's behavior can change dramatically when they are around their group. They feel safe among their group, thus they are more likely to express their true feelings. Additionally, drinking alcohol can give a person a sense of security—similar to being a member of a strong group. As a result, one might say what's on one's mind, regardless of the consequences. In both instances, the persons threat perception is diminished.

  • I have seen how prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination intermingle. The part about the resume and job application came on it reminded me about an article I read "What's in a name" and how much your name can effect your life. In the workplace I've seen the hiring manager go through applications and not people to come in because of their name. The name would be associated with a race or ethnic group which leads to a stereotype which ends up in the act discrimination. This has also been studied in housing applications.

  • I like the way he explained the difference between prejudice and discrimination. Don't act out of an unfair judgement.

  • We as humans prejudge people when we meet without even thinking about it. Being prejudice will never go away, we all make judgement whether positive or negative. If we all erase our stereotypical beliefs, fear, and hostility we may be able to eliminate discrimination.

  • This crash course video discussed the in group vs out group phenomenon, which seems to be the root of mental health stigmas across many countries. Within this situation the in group would be those not affected by a mental illness, while the out group would be those struggling with a mental illness. Although this division does not change the character of each individual or determine whether or not they are a good person, this simple thing pits one group against another. The in group believes that they are normal/superior and that the out group is weak/below them. This creates the stigma towards mental health illnesses.

  • I was unaware of intrinsic and extrinsic prejudice. It is common for someones prejudice to be either learned through conditioning or specific experiences. I appreciate the video stating that some stereotypes can be true but still be a stereotype. Unfortunately I don't think we can ever eliminate discrimination, but we can make people more aware. We have already made significant headway over the last 30 years, maybe the next 30 will be more productive.

  • Do you think the test is accurate cross-culturally?

  • i like the speed and visuals, and clear summary

    but i think the same issue discussed from saudi, india, china, indonesia or africa, or by a woman or person of color, might have additional perspectives – ie. he forgot to take account of his own gender, cultural and linguistic biases in his own presentation, and in his own scientific tradition, or even acknowledge them

  • My experience with ageism tends towards older people discriminating against younger people, rather than the other way around.

  • Its not the matter of pulling out their wallet,and that being an innocent behavior, that shows discrimination. I would understand why any police officer would feel threatened if someone moves their body parts and they cant see what they are doing. Anyone could be crazy and pull out a gun. I get that. But heres the thing, they must not totally assume it is a weapon too. I get it, being a cop can be scary… Buttt they mustn't be too quick to fire a bullet. What makes the cases of discrimination most evident is when they do over kill on the bullets. A perfectly trained officer would probably fire the max of 3 bullets. They would also be trained to immobilize a criminal before attempting to shoot a person. What I am saying is that police officers shooting to kill should be less common. That method of shooting to kill is mostly for the army, not local communities ( unless that is the last resort. Say, if someone is obviously a threat to someone and is killing someone beyond necessary means- in other words the murder is not self defense, it is out of emotional distress. When a person's life line is shorting out from someone else attacking this person, it is rightful to shoot a person to kill them).
    They fired too many times for the case to be even considered a possible defensive murder. If someone shot once or twice, it is more possible the cop felt a treat to them self or another person for a reasonable cause. If someone shoots 46 times, it is beyond without a doubt that the cop was being discriminatory. The worst hunter could probably get the target area in an animal with that many rounds.

  • Hmm let's answer the real question. Why was the man disobeying what the cops told him to do and dig in his pockets after the asked him to show his hands? They don't tell you in this video that the cops were searching in New York for a rapist and criminals with guns. The man was digging through his pockets, so that would make me assume their is a gun. Let's stop being idiots people.

  • I'm all for body positivity, being comfortable in your skin good for your mental health! However, being overweight is unhealthy, regardless of whether or not you accept it. That doesnt make it wrong to be overweight, but by definition it is unhealthy! Don't change unless you want to, but please understand that the distinction is still there.

  • I remember when I thought "John Green looks and sounds a little different."

  • 4:30 isn't overweight people unhealthy? confused af

  • but if Muslims are more violent, then Buddhists, then why it is kinda like a taboo to admit it?

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