State Hostility Scale

Posted on October 7, 2020 / 12 Listing verified by admin as genuine
Listing Type : English Scale

State Hostility Scale (Craig A. Anderson, English)

The first published use of this form of the “State Hostility Scale” was in Anderson, Deuser, and DeNeve (1995). The items in this scale were derived from earlier studies by Zuckerman et al. (1964) and Spielberger et al. (1983).

On the following pages are two copies of the State Hostility Scale that my colleagues and I have been using. The first page is in the form that we usually use. Note that it is labeled “Current Mood.” The second-page shows which items are to be reverse scored.

Please note that several items occasionally yield poor item-total correlations. This seems to occur because these items contain keywords that some participants do not understand. Specifically, items 2, 4, & 35 (willful, tender, vexed) sometimes don’t work as well as the other 32 items. Feel free to exclude them.

Recently, Nick Carnagey and I found that this scale can be usefully split into 4 subscales (Anderson & Carnagey, 2009). The four subscales are:

  1. Feeling unsociable: contains the items unsociable, willful, and disgusted.
  2. Feeling mean: contains the items mean, like yelling at somebody, cruel, like I’m about to explode, burned up, bitter, offended, angry, outraged, enraged, like swearing, like banging on a table, mad, and disagreeable.
  3. Lack of positive feelings: contains the reversed-scored items friendly, understanding, amiable, good-natured, cooperative, agreeable, kindly, polite, sympathetic, and tame.
  4. Aggravation: contains the items aggravated, discontented, frustrated, irritable, vexed, furious, and stormy.

For theoretical reasons relating to the specific purposes of that study, the item “frustrated” was intentionally left out of the aggravation subscale in Anderson & Carnagey (2009). However, for most purposes, it should be retained as part of the “aggravation” subscale. The 2nd (feeling mean) and 4th (aggravation) subscales were the most sensitive to experimental manipulation of video gameplay in the Anderson & Carnagey (2009) article.

In a more recent study (Saleem, Anderson, & Gentile, 2012), we added 5 additional items to the positive feelings subscale: peaceful, caring, joyful, hopeful, and happy. In that study, the feeling unsociable subscale was not sufficiently reliable, and so was not analyzed further. The other three subscales yielded reliable measures, and all were sensitive to both an experimental manipulation (briefly played a Prosocial vs. Neutral vs. Violent video game) and an individual difference factor (trait physical aggression).

State Hostility Scale (Craig A. Anderson, English)

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