How we define research?

Posted on April 2, 2020 / 15 Listing verified by admin as genuine
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Location : Pakistan

How we define research?

Research has much important in every discipline that’s while I studied what is research and how much important research?

So, let start with more basic than what is the definition of research. When we enter in search engine word research then many definitions come on screen, here we discuss only a few but try to conclude the best definition. After that, we also discuss the influence of research on our world. How to research play a vital role in our life then we go more specify and try to understand the role of research in the field of Psychology. In this sitting also discuss the historical context of research in the field of psychology. At the end portion, we understand and try to provide a simple guideline to make good researcher for a simple student.

Definition of Research:

             There are many definitions related to research but here few discuss:

According to Babbie, 1998:

Research is a systematic inquiry to describe, explain, predict and control the observed phenomenon. Research involves inductive and deductive methods

According to Gall, Borg and Gall (1996):

            Four types of knowledge that research contributed to education as follows:

                                                        I.            Description

                                                     II.            Prediction

                                                  III.            Improvement

                                                  IV.            Explanation

According to Collge san Meto Library:

research is searching for and gathering information, usually to answer a particular question or problem.

According to Martyn Shuttleworth:

“In the broadest sense of the word, the definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge.

According to Creswell:

“Research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic or issue”. It consists of three steps: Pose a question, collect data to answer the question, and present an answer to the question

In the context of the above definition, we assume that “research is a process which we investigate and critical work in a systematic way to try to answer the problem solving and in this process, we also explore the new phenomena or maybe enhancing previous information or validate the previous knowledge.

Influence of research on Psychology?

Role of research is also very important in the field of psychology. The research provide a guide to understanding what people think, how they feel in different situations, how they act in those circumstances. It also provides help to categories psychological disorder and their symptoms and impact of on the society. It also helps us to understand the intimate relationship, education, development, family, friends and religious affect us and our society.

In fact, we say that research in psychology used for the following:

Study the behaviour of people and the effect on our society

Provide understanding related psychological disorder and their symptoms

Help us to develop tools to measure specific psychologic Phenomena.

Help us to develop treatment approaches to improve mental health.

Provide a piece of proper information related to developmental phase of human

Provide an understanding of the relationship between two variables.

Provide help to answer the problem.


  • Gall, M. D., Borg, W. R., & Gall, J. P. (1996). Educational Research: An Introduction (Sixth ed.). White Plains, NY: Longman.
  • · Shuttleworth, Martyn (2008). “Definition of Research”. Explorable. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
  • · Creswell, J. W. (2008). Educational Research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson.


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