The Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R) Questionnaire

Posted on April 1, 2020 / 22 Listing verified by admin as genuine
Listing Type : English Scale
Condition : Advance

The Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R) Questionnaire

Description of Measure:

A 36-item measure of adult attachment style. The ECR-R measures individuals on two subscales of attachment: Avoidance and Anxiety. In general Avoidant individuals find discomfort with intimacy and seek independence, whereas Anxious individuals tend to fear rejection and abandonment.

Scoring Information:

The first 18 items listed below comprise the attachment-related anxiety scale.  Items 19 – 36 comprise the attachment-related avoidance scale.  In real research, the order in which these items are presented should be randomized.  Each item is rated on a 7-point scale where 1 = strongly disagree and 7 = strongly agree.  To obtain a score for attachment-related anxiety, please average a person’s responses to items 1 – 18.  However, because items 9 and 11 are “reverse keyed” (i.e., high numbers represent low anxiety rather than high anxiety), you’ll need to reverse the answers to those questions before averaging the responses.  (If someone answers with a “6” to item 9, you’ll need to re-key it as a 2 before averaging.)  To obtain a score for attachment-related avoidance, please average a person’s responses to items 19 – 36.  Items 20, 22, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, and 36 will need to be reverse keyed before you compute this average.

Generic Instructions:

The statements below concern how you feel in emotionally intimate relationships. We are interested in how you generally experience relationships, not just in what is happening in a current relationship. Respond to each statement by [web: clicking a circle] [paper: circling a number] to indicate how much you agree or disagree with the statement

Special notes:

You may wish to randomize the order of the items when presenting them to research participants.  The ordering below is simply a convenient one for illustrating which items belong to which scale. Also, some people have modified the items to refer to “others” rather than “romantic partners.” This seems sensible to us, and in our own research, we commonly alter the wording to refer to different individuals.  For example, sometimes we reword the items to refer to “others” or “this person” and alter the instructions to say something like “The statements below concern how you generally feel in your relationship with your mother” or “The statements below concern how you generally feel in your relationship with your romantic partner (i.e., a girlfriend, boyfriend, or spouse).”


Fraley, R. C., Waller, N. G., & Brennan, K. A. (2000). Item-response theory analysis of self-report measures of adult attachment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 350-365.


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