Brief COPE (Carver, English)
Brief COPE (Carver, English)
The Brief COPE (Carver, 1997) is a self-report questionnaire used to assess a number of different coping behaviors and thoughts a person may have in response to a specific situation. It is made up of 14 subscales: self-distraction, active coping, denial, substance use, use of emotional support, use of instrumental support, behavioral disengagement, venting, positive reframing, planning, humor, acceptance, religion, and self-blame. After reading a situationally specific scenario, 28 coping behaviors and thoughts (2 items for each subscale) are rated on frequency of use by the participant with a scale of 1 (―I haven‘t been doing this at all‖) to 4 (―I‘ve been doing this a lot‖). Internal reliabilities for the 14 subscales range from a= 0.57-0.90 (Carver, 1997), and similar results have been found with a population of parents of children with ASDs (a= 0.54-0.93) (Benson, 2009). The wording was modified for the present study in order to fit the population and the challenges they face. Based on the definitions of problem-based and emotion-based coping, items 2,7,10, 14, 23, and 25 were classified as problem-based coping and the rest of the items fell into emotion-based coping.
These items deal with ways you’ve been coping with the stress in your life since you found out you were going to have to have this operation. There are many ways to try to deal with problems. These items ask what you’ve been doing to cope with this one. Obviously, different people deal with things in different ways, but I’m interested in how you’ve tried to deal with it. Each item says something about a particular way of coping. I want to know to what extent you’ve been doing what the item says. How much or how frequently. Don’t answer on the basis of whether it seems to be working or not—just whether or not you’re doing it. Use these response choices. Try to rate each item separately in your mind from the others. Make your answers as true FOR YOU as you can.
1 = I haven’t been doing this at all
2 = I’ve been doing this a little bit
3 = I’ve been doing this a medium amount
4 = I’ve been doing this a lot
- I’ve been turning to work or other activities to take my mind off things.
- I’ve been concentrating my efforts on doing something about the situation I’m in.
- I’ve been saying to myself “this isn’t real.”.
- I’ve been using alcohol or other drugs to make myself feel better.
- I’ve been getting emotional support from others.
- I’ve been giving up trying to deal with it.
- I’ve been taking action to try to make the situation better.
- I’ve been refusing to believe that it has happened.
- I’ve been saying things to let my unpleasant feelings escape.
- I’ve been getting help and advice from other people.
- I’ve been using alcohol or other drugs to help me get through it.
- I’ve been trying to see it in a different light, to make it seem more positive.
- I’ve been criticizing myself.
- I’ve been trying to come up with a strategy about what to do.
- I’ve been getting comfort and understanding from someone.
- I’ve been giving up the attempt to cope.
- I’ve been looking for something good in what is happening.
- I’ve been making jokes about it.
- I’ve been doing something to think about it less, such as going to movies,
watching TV, reading, daydreaming, sleeping, or shopping.
- I’ve been accepting the reality of the fact that it has happened.
- I’ve been expressing my negative feelings.
- I’ve been trying to find comfort in my religion or spiritual beliefs.
- I’ve been trying to get advice or help from other people about what to do.
- I’ve been learning to live with it.
- I’ve been thinking hard about what steps to take.
- I’ve been blaming myself for things that happened.
- I’ve been praying or meditating.
- I’ve been making fun of the situation.
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