Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration – 6 (VMI-6)

Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration – 6 (VMI-6)

Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration – 6 (VMI-6)


Name  Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration – 6 (VMI-6)

Identifies significant difficulties in integrating or coordinating visual perceptual and motor (finger and hand movement) abilities.

Population Individual’s age 2 to 18 years (2010) and 1,021 adults ages 19-100 (2006).
Score  Standard scores, percentiles, age equivalents
Time  10-15 minutes
Author  Keith E. Beery, PhD / Norman A. Buktenica / Natasha A. Beery, MS
Publisher  By Keith E. Beery, PhD and Norman A. Buktenica, et al.

The Beery VMI measures the extent to which individuals can integrate their visual and motor abilities. It is commonly used to identify children who are having significant difficulty with visual-motor integration and to determine the most appropriate course of action. The Beery VMI is suitable for respondents with diverse environmental, educational, and linguistic backgrounds. Additionally, the test can be used as an outcome measure to assess the effectiveness of education and intervention programs. Now in its sixth edition, the Beery VMI includes updated norms for ages 2 through 18. Adult norms are also included for age 19 and above, but were not updated. Updated reports of medical, neuropsychological, international, and other important advances in the use of the Beery VMI in recent years have also been included. In this edition, the child and adult forms have been combined into one, making it more convenient for those who work with clients of varying ages. Existing forms can continue to be used since the test content has not changed, however, a new Beery VMI, 6th Edition manual should be ordered to obtain the most up-to-date information.


 The Short Format and Full Format tests take about 10-15 minutes each to administer; the supplemental Visual Perception and Motor Coordination tests about 5 minutes each. Results are reported as standard scores, percentiles, and age equivalents.

Reliability  Test-retest reliability: .88 VMI, .84 Visual perceptual, .84 Motor coordination

Inter-rater reliability: .93 VMI, .98 Visual perceptual, .94 Motor coordination

Validity  Culture free

No statistically significant bias between genders or ethnicity

Measures at very high levels from .80-.95


 Based on national sample of 1,737 children, aged 2 to 18 years (collected in 2010), and 1,021 adults aged 19 to 100 (collected in 2006); also, age-specific norms reflecting developmental stepping stones from birth through age 6

Prepared by

Maryam Khaliq

November 7, 2015 / 2 Comments / by / in ,
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