Cognitive Psychology – Problem Solving

Cognitive Psychology – Problem Solving



1. Divergent: Require the solver to generate as many solutions as possible to a given problem.
– Coming up with as many outfits as possible.

2. Arrangement: Presentation of all necessary elements to solve a problem and the solver must figure out how the elements are supposed to be arranged.
– Using the clothes in the closet (necessary elements) and putting together some outfits (arranging the elements).

3. Deduction: Premises or conditions are given and the solver must determine whether a conclusion fits these premises.
– Getting rid of inappropriate outfits (determining whether a conclusion fits the premise).

4. Induction: Solver is given a series of instances and must figure out the pattern or rule that relates those instances.
– Finding the missing piece. Looking at photos of clothes from magazines and seeing that a scarf makes all those outfits (as the pattern that relates those instances) and so adding a scarf to the outfit.

5. Transformation: Present solver with a goal state and the solver must find a proper strategy or series of “moves” that will eventually transform the initial state into the desired state.
– Changing from original outfit (initial state) into the selected outfit (goal state).

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December 7, 2010 / 5 Comments / by / in
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