Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI)

Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI)

Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI)

Name Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI)

 A self-report inventory that used to assess cognitive, affective and behavioral signs of depression among children and adolescents

Population Age 7 to 17
Score Total scale score
Time 5-15 minutes; 5-10 minutes for Short Form
Author Maria Kovacs, PhD
Publisher MHS. Multi-Health Systems Inc

The CDI is self-rated, which means that the child or adolescent being assessed to records their answers to the questions on the test sheet. Each question on the CDI consists of three possible responses. The CDI is designed to make quantitative measurements of the following symptoms of depression: mood disturbances; capacity for enjoyment; depressed self-evaluation; disturbances in behavior toward other people; and vegetative symptoms, which include fatigue, oversleeping, having difficulty with activities requiring effort, and other symptoms of passivity or inactivity.

Scoring The test administrator totals the responses and plots them onto a profile
Reliability and Validity

Across one group of nine studies, alpha measures were 0.71-0.89, reflecting good internal consistency. Studies in addition to those completed by Kovacs have shown moderate to high reliability. The validity of the CDI has been well-established. Kovacs used experimental design to obtain discriminant validity between cases that were considered “normal” and those that were considered clinical.


Based on a nationally representative sample of 1,100 children and teens from 26 U.S. states, with equal numbers of males and females at each age.

Suggested Uses

The Children’s Depression Inventory can be used by clinicians and counselors to assess self-reported key symptoms of depression, Support diagnosis and treatment planning and for conducting clinical research.

Prepared by

Namra Sarwar

January 1, 2016 / by / in , ,
%d bloggers like this: