Belief in just world
(M. Akram Riaz)
Justice is an important phenomeneon and has been wiedly studied in many countries over the past decades. The importance of the perception of justice varies from individual to individual as cognitive development plays vital role on strengthening these beliefs and perception of justice (Dalbert, 2001; Maes&Kals, 2002). Emotional orientations whether positive or negative that developed in families is another factor and this development fostering perception of belief in just (Sallay&Dalbert, 2004). People have perception of justice when they experience unfair events and they evaluate that events and make belief in unjust world as it is part of the cognitions and feelings and adaptive functions (Dalbert&Stoeber, 2006; Lipkus, Dalbert, &Siegler, 1996). Perception and belief in injustice results from experiencing unfair events and mistrust on fairness. Trust in fairness leads to perception of justice. People who believe that they experince justice are often treated fairly by others, they have less paranoid thinking about others and reveal more trust on others when they need help from others (Dalbert& Braun, 1997; Furnham, 1995). Individual with high belief in justice trust that he will not become victim of unfairness, rape and robbery (Dalbert, 2001).
Antecedents of justice have been studied both in western countries (Dalbert, 2001; Maes&Kals, 2002; Sallay&Dalbert, 2004) and in eastern countries (Batool, 2013; Riaz, 2012). It has been found that there is positive association between poor mental health and justice as justice beiefs results in positive psychological outcomes i.e. well-being, life satisfaction, quality of life etc. Injustice is the result of unemployment and poverty among adolescents (Dalbert, 2001). Some predictors and causes of injustice were found in past reseaches i.e. high self-esteem and neurticism as predictor of justice beliefs (Riaz, 2012), depression is negatively linked with justice (Riaz, Tariq, Riaz, &Batool, 2013), rape victims with injustice (Dalbert, 1998), victims of Down syndrome with injustice (Fatima, 2009). Injustice has also been investigated among male and female. Male were found to be high on justice perceptions as compared to female. Male were high on jusctice beliefs because male think more negatives about victims e.g. victims of disaster, rape victims etc. as male perceive that people get what they deserve therefore male are high on perception of injustice (Dalbert, 2001; Riaz, 2012).